Our history

Since 1982

This cooperative was founded in the 1960s. Prior to then, there were about 18 mills in the town, which merged into what became three syndicated cooperatives: San Isidro, Nuestra Señora del Pilar, and Mondrón. In the 1980s, San Isidro and Nuestra Señora del Pilar merged into what is now known as San Isidro Olive and Fruit Cooperative (S.C.A Olivarera y Frutera San Isidro). On its main facade, there is a special niche dedicated to its patron saint. Its oil is sold as Periana Verdial Olive Oil.


The legend

Periana, according to legend, was a farm in Arab times where two defensive settlements were located, one on the Santana hill and the other in Pereiro further to the south, which gave rise to its name. There was a large field between them, which served as a watering hole and resting place for animals. It was neither Pereiro nor Santana: simply Periana.


I

Technical changes such as tapered stones, the hydraulic press and the use of electric energy led to a growth in olive tree cultivation, which continued throughout the 20th century.
In addition, since the late 1970s, continuous centrifuge systems came into use, and in a few years olive harvests were milled using the new system, which brought production to an industrial scale.

II

The first season after Spain joined the European Union in 1986 marked a 3.4% rise in the price of oil and a 66% increase in subsidies.
The San Isidro Olive Cooperative continues growing with a third line of decanting and organic production. Its organisational system has also been updated, and it now has a professional business structure.

III

Currently, Periana’s Olive Cooperative is comprised of over 800 families, who care for over 300,000 hundred-year-old olive trees and handle the selection and processing of their fruits, which yield one of the best extra virgin olive oils. 
Periana Verdial Olive Oil is the brand and pride of the San Isidro Olive Cooperative.

A historical origin going back hundreds of years

Although the history of Periana is relatively modern, the area was already known in Roman times as “Bilo”, spelt with a B, which means “water basin”, alluding to the medicinal baths located there at that time. Today they are known as Baños de Vilo (Vilo Baths), the spelling having changed over time.

Subsequently, Moorish farms were located there, due to the abundant water, mild climate and its strategic location as a pass through the mountains toward Vélez and the port of Malaga. In fact, it was the Alhama, Almijara and Tejeda mountain ranges that helped to halt the advance of the Christian troops, until the area was re-conquered in September 1485.